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Events

Covid-19, Existential Insecurity and Value Change in Japan

Event ended

Dear colleagues,

 

Center for Socio-Cultural Research invites you to research seminar from series

«Culture Matters»

 

 

Plamen Akaliyski

 

PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher, Keio University, Japan

 

 

« Covid-19, Existential Insecurity and Value Change in Japan »

 

Seminar will be held on March 4, 2021 at 13:00

 

To participate in the seminar, please register

 

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSedMx4SDcDpzVq3kiituuq1jqTcprZ71fHZ-hXrJXYFRyPH8w/viewform?usp=sf_link

 

The link to the seminar will be available after sending the form. Please, do not forget to save the link.

 

Working language is English

 

 

Summary of the report

 

Inglehart’s modernization theory links cultural values to the underlying subjective sense of existential security (‘scarcity hypothesis’). Values are also considered stable once individuals reach adulthood (‘socialization hypothesis’) but an acute existential crisis such as the Covid-19 pandemic may challenge this assumption. We test how the existential insecurity related to the pandemic relates to emancipative and secular values in four different analyses. First, we test whether values have changes during the pandemic compared to five months earlier using representative surveys for the population of Japan from WVS wave 7 (N=1,353) and VIC survey (N=3,000). Second, we test whether prefectures more severely affected by the pandemic experienced stronger value change. Third, we assess if individuals objectively affected by the pandemic differ in their values from the rest of the population. Lastly, we examine if individuals subjectively experiencing adversity also emphasize values related to existential insecurity more strongly. At all levels of analysis – national, regional, and individual (objectively and subjectively measured) – existential insecurity was associated with weaker emancipative and secular values, that is, stronger traditional, intolerant, and religious values. These findings support the scarcity hypothesis but disprove the socialization hypothesis as we provide evidence that values can change even within a negligibly short time period.