Personal values of Russian and American students: The subjective reality of culture
On February 17 Dmitrii Kashirsky (PhD, Professor, Department of Psychology, Russian State Social University) took part in the "Culture matters" research seminar with the report "Personal values of Russian and American students: The subjective reality of culture".
The report presented the basic provisions of the general psychological concept of personal values developed by prof. Kashirsky, and examples of its implementation in empirical studies. On the basis of materials from a cross-cultural study, the results of a comparative analysis of the personal values of Russian (N = 240) and American (N = 192) students were presented. The age of the study participants is 18-23 years. The study was based on data from a one-year internship at the University of California, Davis as part of the Values. Emotions. Culture” (together with N. Sabelnikova). The study used explicit methods that reveal the content of the subject's values at the level of their presence in the mind in the form of objective values, and implicit methods to understand the representation of values in the mind as subjective meanings and emotions. Similarities and differences were revealed in the value priorities of representatives of different cultural groups. The results obtained to allow a deeper understanding of the cultural determination of the mental development of the individual, its value-semantic sphere and contribute to the development of the problem of values in psychology.